physician Sara Witting Christensen Department of Oncology, Vejle Hospital
Projektet i tal
OPEN undersøgelse/kliniske data
Forventet # af deltagere
Inkluderet antal deltagere
Forventede deltagere med prøver
Inkluderede deltagere med prøver
CIMPRIL Circulating methylated DNA as a prognostic marker in curative radiotherapy for non-small cell lung cancer
Non-small cell lung cancer has a 5-year survival rate of around 15%. Locoregional disease can be treated with radiotherapy, if surgery is not possible. However, there is a need for prognostic markers. The combination of tumor specific methylated DNA, sPD-L1, and NK cell activity presents a new prognostic approach to follow-up after curative radiotherapy. This is especially attractive since all three markers are available as liquid biopsies.
Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) has a high incidence in Denmark with approximately 4,000 new cases each year. The disease has considerable morbidity and mortality with a 5-year survival rate of around 15%.
Patients with locoregional disease are eligible for treatment with curative intent. If surgery is not possible, the patient is offered radiotherapy. Approximately 15% have locoregional disease that allows them to receive radiation with curative intent. Despite progress in radiotherapy, the progression rate remains high resulting in a 2-year progression free survival (PFS) of approximately 50% and a 5-year survival rate of around 20%.
Aberrant methylation occurs in almost all malignant tumors, and tumor specific methylated DNA has been suggested for early diagnosis and screening and may also hold prognostic information. Programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1) is an immune checkpoint protein expressed on the surface of T lymphocytes, amongst others. A few studies have suggested soluble PD-L1 (sPD-L1) in plasma as a prognostic marker in NSCLC. Natural killer (NK) cells serve as an innate immunological surveillance factor in the biological defence against cancer. Recent studies have pointed to NK cell activity as a possible prognostic marker.
The present study aims at evaluating the prognostic value of methylated DNA, sPD-L1, and NK cell activity after completed radiotherapy with curative intent. The study will also monitor these biomarkers during follow-up and investigate the lead time from changes to progression or death.
Description of the cohort
Adult patients with non-small cell lung cancer eligible to receive radiotherapy with curative intent.
Data and biological material
Blood samples. Clinical and demographic data.
Collaborating researchers and departments
Department of Oncology, Vejle Hospital
Professor, MD, DMSc, Anders Jakobsen
Associate professor, MD, PhD, Torben Frøstrup Hansen
MD, Torben Schjødt Hansen
Department of Medicine, Vejle Hospital
Professor, MD, DMSc, Ole Hilberg
Department of Clinical Pathology, Vejle Hospital
Associate professor, MD, PhD, Henrik Hager
Department of Clinical Biochemistry, Vejle Hospital