OPEN Research Support
head

physician
Sara Witting Christensen
Department of Oncology, Vejle Hospital


Projekt styring
Projekt status    Sampling ongoing
 
Data indsamlingsdatoer
Start 01.09.2019  
Slut 31.12.2033  
 



CIMPRIL Circulating methylated DNA as a prognostic marker in curative radiotherapy for non-small cell lung cancer

Short summary

Non-small cell lung cancer has a 5-year survival rate of around 15%. Locoregional disease can be treated with radiotherapy, if surgery is not possible. However, there is a need for prognostic markers. The combination of tumor specific methylated DNA, sPD-L1, and NK cell activity presents a new prognostic approach to follow-up after curative radiotherapy. This is especially attractive since all three markers are available as liquid biopsies.


Rationale

Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) has a high incidence in Denmark with approximately 4,000 new cases each year. The disease has considerable morbidity and mortality with a 5-year survival rate of around 15%.

Patients with locoregional disease are eligible for treatment with curative intent. If surgery is not possible, the patient is offered radiotherapy. Approximately 15% have locoregional disease that allows them to receive radiation with curative intent. Despite progress in radiotherapy, the progression rate remains high resulting in a 2-year progression free survival (PFS) of approximately 50% and a 5-year survival rate of around 20%. 

Aberrant methylation occurs in almost all malignant tumors, and tumor specific methylated DNA has been suggested for early diagnosis and screening and may also hold prognostic information. Programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1) is an immune checkpoint protein expressed on the surface of T lymphocytes, amongst others. A few studies have suggested soluble PD-L1 (sPD-L1) in plasma as a prognostic marker in NSCLC. Natural killer (NK) cells serve as an innate immunological surveillance factor in the biological defence against cancer. Recent studies have pointed to NK cell activity as a possible prognostic marker. 

Objectives 

The present study aims at evaluating the prognostic value of methylated DNA, sPD-L1, and NK cell activity after completed radiotherapy with curative intent. The study will also monitor these biomarkers during follow-up and investigate the lead time from changes to progression or death.


Description of the cohort

Adult patients with non-small cell lung cancer eligible to receive radiotherapy with curative intent.


Data and biological material

Blood samples. Clinical and demographic data. 


Collaborating researchers and departments

Department of Oncology, Vejle Hospital

  • Professor, MD, DMSc, Anders Jakobsen
  • Associate professor, MD, PhD, Torben Frøstrup Hansen
  • MD, Torben Schjødt Hansen

Department of Medicine, Vejle Hospital

  • Professor, MD, DMSc, Ole Hilberg

Department of Clinical Pathology, Vejle Hospital

  • Associate professor, MD, PhD, Henrik Hager

Department of Clinical Biochemistry, Vejle Hospital

  • Molecular biologist, PhD, Rikke Fredslund Andersen
  • Molecular biologist, PhD, Line Nederby